Unless you sign on with a music publisher/publishing house, you are self-published, which means you market and promote your own material, and collect both the songwriter (50%) and publisher share (50%) of any incoming royalties. You may want to register your "music publishing company" under a separate name for business purposes, but it's not absolutely necessary.
SOCAN is the only performing rights society in Canada. They pay royalties out for public performances for, among other things, radio performances broadcast and surveyed by broadcasters licensed by SOCAN. If you are not registered with SOCAN member, you will not get any royalties. It's very easy to become a SOCAN member - you just call and ask for a membership kit, at 1-800-93-SOCAN. It's free.
Let's review how SOCAN and radio royalties work.
You record an album and release it commercially. You send it to SOCAN, registering all of your original songs, and album, in their database. (You are also eligible to register with SOCAN if you regularly perform original songs in certain live settings). If you are not registered with them, you do not get one penny of royalties. Here are some cases which have potential for you to earn royalties from SOCAN:
- You send your CD to ANY radio station in hopes of airplay;
- Someone who works at a radio station takes a shine to it and decides to spin it of his own free will (and this does happen, through the CBC especially);
- Your CD makes its way into a jukebox;
- You play a club gig where the ticket price is over $6, or a festival setting such as the Flatland Music Festival which pays a fee to SOCAN;
- You play a concert, opening for someone at The Exchange, The Refinery, the Centre of the Arts or Centennial Hall (wherever the ticket price is more than $6);
- You appear on television (network, not cable) and perform a song;
- You do a live performance on radio (network, not community) and perform a song;
Sometimes you don't even KNOW you're getting exposure. Maybe your friend in Ontario gave your CD to a friend who works at CHUM, and it's getting played in medium rotation. If you haven't registered with SOCAN, you'll likely never know about it, and you won't receive a dime. If you HAVE registered with SOCAN, maybe you'll get a pleasant $urprise in the mail.
The number is 1-800-55-SOCAN. Their website is located at www.socan.ca.
However, SOCAN is not the only place you need to register!
Broadcast Data Systems tracks radio airplay by digitally monitoring more than 1100 radio stations in the U.S., Canada and Europe.
Music industry decision-makers: record executives, radio programmers, publishers, licensing companies, retail store managers, promoters and others depend on its reports. Billboard Magazine uses it to compile their airplay charts. Radio programmers use it to see which artists are being played across the country, and may base their decision on whether or not to play your song on "who else is playing it." This applies to Canada, as well as the U.S.
Just like SOCAN, it's free to register your albums.
All product, DAT, CD, vinyl, cassette, and any special mixes, custom, or specific station edits must be submitted to BDS for encoding in order for it to be detected by reporting software.
The address for all submissions is: BDS, 100 NW 101 Terrace, Kansas City, MO, 64153, Attn: Encoding Department.
Provide the following information with your product:
- Artist Name
- Song titles, including specific mix names, if applicable
- Radio Format(s) to which you are sending the single (AA-Triple A, AC-Adult Contemporary, AO-Rock, CW-Country, GA-Christian, MR-Modern Rock, RB- R&B, SP-Latin, TF-Top Forty.)
- Contact Information
- When sending an entire album, specify priority tracks (i.e., singles)
Monitored Canadian stations are listed below (if you get airplay, but it's not on one these stations, you won't show up on BDS charts). The more airplay you can get on BDS monitored stations, the better your chart standing.
Yes, there is a little paperwork involved. But after all the work you put into writing your songs, recording them, sending them out, and so on, don't you deserve a little something back?
Next time around we'll look at "Songwriters and Performing Live".
BDS-MONITORED RADIO STATIONS - CANADA (February 5, 2002)
CHAB, Moose Jaw
CHSJ, Saint John
Top 40 format:
CHIK , Quebec City
Album Rock format:
CFMI , Vancouver
CHOI, Quebec City
Adult Contemporary format:
CIOK, Saint John
CITF, Quebec City
CJMF, Quebec City*
CKRA , Edmonton
* Stations indicated are "non-chart" meaning they are tracked, but spins on these do not contribute to chart status.